Imagine having a cup of coffee that you would absolutely sigh for. It is easier than you think, after all it only involves two ingredients, and I will carefully guide you through the process.
WATER – Coffee is mostly water which means you need fresh, filtered water to have a clean canvas for the true taste of the coffee to come through. Unless you are cold brewing, you want the water heated to 195F-205F. If it is too cold, the brew will not extract and if too hot, you’ll burn your beans, and nobody wants to drink that.
BEANS – Fresh is best! Check the roast date or the “best by” date and grind your coffee just before brewing. If you don’t have a grinder, buy smaller quantities of freshly ground coffee more frequently. Always store your coffee in a cool, dark place tightly sealed in the bag or in a designated ceramic or stainless steel container to prevent it from absorbing other odors and flavors. (There is no need to refrigerate or freeze your coffee. Beans like to be cool, not cold.)
THE GRIND – Think of it as an equation: GRIND+ METHOD+TIME = PERFECTION. Your grind must match the brewing process. So let’s keep it simple:
- Fine – Espresso, Aeropress
- Medium – Drip, Chemex, Siphon
- Coarse – Cold Brew, French Press, Percolator, Coffee Cupping
The general instruction is 2 TSBP of coffee per 6 ounces of water, but it is actually best if you can measure your coffee by weight, 10.6 grams of grounds, since the grind size and density of the coffee will vary in the scoop.
Don’t be afraid to use more grounds to make your coffee stronger and more flavorful. A light roast made with a slightly fuller measure might be the cup of your dreams, rather than imbibing in a weaker version of that daring dark roast that’s still a touch overpowering.
TIMING –Like people, each process has its own timetable. Your coffee is at its sipping best within 10 minutes of brewing. After that, you’ve lost some of the essence and its flavor starts to fade. Brew, pour, and take that satisfying first sip while it is fresh and hot.
Here’s the countdown for your brewing methods:
- Drip, Chemex (6 cup) – 3-5 min
- Espresso – 25- 30 sec
- French Press – 4-6 min
- Cold Brew –12 hours
- Aeropress – 1 min (fast brew method)
Now that you know the secrets to great coffee there is no reason not to explore the different beans, roasts, grinds, and brewing methods. You can tell a lot about a person by their coffee. What does yours say?